Just like cats and dogs it is now recommended to neuter domestic rabbits.
Female Rabbits - can spay from 5-6 months old and onwards
Rabbits, like cats have numerous reproductive cycles throughout the year and indeed, if allowed to mate could easily produce 4 or 5 litters each year.
A reproductive cycle will last for around 2 weeks and if she does not get mated will have a break of about 1 week and then start all over again. This cycle will carry on for about 10 months of each year. If however the doe does get mated, the baby rabbits (kits) will be born around 4-5 weeks later and then she will come back into season again ready to start the whole process again.
Spaying also prevents uterine cancer, can calm them down and make them less aggressive.
The operation to spay her does require a General Anaesthetic which, of course, carries a risk with smaller ‘exotic’ type animals. However modern anaesthetics are much safer than previous and we would only require her to stay as a ‘day patient’, which would entail you dropping her off with us around 8.45am and collecting her between 3 and 5pm. Full recovery from the procedure should be within 24hours.
Male Rabbits - can be done from 6 months old and onwards
Buck rabbits become sexually mature around 5-8 months of age and unless castrated can also become quite aggressive and dominating with other rabbits and owners.
Castrating him will help to reduce aggressive an dominant behaviour, and also deter him from territory marking with urine around your house and garden.
As with the female the operation does require a general anaesthetic, but again it is a short procedure with a quick recovery and only requires a day patient stay.